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Pharmacokinetics and in vivo fate of intra-articularly transplanted human bone marrow-derived clonal mesenchymal stem cells
Gayong Shim, Sangbin Lee, Jeonghoon Han, Gunwoo Kim, Hyerim Jin, Wenjun Miao, Tac-Ghee Yi, Yun Kyoung Cho, Sun Uk Song, Yu-Kyoung Oh
Stem Cells and Development (SCIE)
24 (9)
In this study, we report the pharmacokinetics and in vivo fate of intra-articularly transplanted human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in comparison with those of intravenously administered cells. Bone marrow-derived human clonal mesenchymal stem cells (hcMSCs) were transplanted to nude mice through intravenous or intra-articular routes. The numbers of hcMSCs in blood and tissue samples were measured by the quantitative real-time–polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) with human Alu (hAlu) as a detection marker. Following intra-articular transplantation, the blood levels of hcMSCs peaked 8 h postdose and gradually diminished, showing a 95-fold higher mean residence time than hcMSCs delivered through the intravenous route. Unlike intravenously administered hcMSCs, intra-articularly injected hcMSCs were mainly retained at injection joint sites where their levels 8 h postdose were 116-fold higher than those in muscle tissues. Regardless of injection routes, biodistribution patterns did not significantly differ between normal and osteoarthritis-induced mice. Quantitative analysis using hAlu-specific qPCR revealed that hcMSC levels in joint tissues were significantly higher than those in muscle tissues 120 days postdose. These dramatic differences in kinetic behavior and fate of intra-articularly transplanted hcMSCs compared with intravenously administered hcMSCs may provide insights useful for the development of human MSCs for arthritis therapeutics.